Published 25 October 2017
On 30 November 2016 the Commission released the Package of legislative proposals 'Clean Energy for All Europeans', also referred to as 'Winter Package'. One of the drivers of the proposed Package is the evolution of the energy consumers' role from a largely passive one, where consumers were simply customers of the energy suppliers, into a more proactive role, where consumers become prosumers. Enabled by smart meters, digital platforms and blockchain technologies, prosumers can also act in the energy market in the roles of traders and suppliers. The participation of prosumers in retail and wholesale energy markets is illustrative of the user-centered innovation, when prosumers innovate themselves rather than rely on the market to do so for them. The current paper aims to analyze whether the user-centered innovation in the energy market is effectively addressed by the proposed Electricity Directive. This analysis focuses on the energy prosumers' access to retail and wholesale energy markets. The paper also presents recommendations as to how to improve the regulatory effectiveness of the proposed Electricity Directive in relation to the energy prosumers' market access.
The current paper was accepted for publication on the 26th of September 2017, and it analyzes the proposed Electricity Directive as available on this date.