Published 4 October 2018
This article focusses on the energy law framework at EU level and how it applies to the various stages of Power-to-Gas. While there is a substantial number of other legal questions about Power-to-Gas (e.g. the environmental law framework, the planning law framework, the liability law framework, etc.) the current article made the choice to focus on the compatibility of the Power-to-Gas technology with the EU`s energy law framework. It scrutinizes the existing legal framework of the EU and outlines the current and emerging regulatory trends for Power-to-Gas. The article starts by briefly describing the latest proposal of the European Union on energy regulation, outlining possible repercussions for the legal categorization of hydrogen as a form of renewable energy. The article goes on to discuss the two main options of Power-to-Gas use: hydrogen admixture in the natural gas grid and electricity storage via hydrogen. It highlights that the successful introduction of the Power-to-Gas technology depends on an accompanying legal framework that is tailored to the respective Power-to-Gas and or Power-to-Power applications.