Jonathan Elkind is an independent consultant on energy, environment, and investment. He has advised BP in relation to its projects in the Caspian region, including the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline project. From 1998 to 2001, Elkind served on the staff of the U.S. National Security Council. Before that, he worked on the National Security Affairs staff of the U.S. Vice President, and coordinated the U.S. Department of Energy's cooperative programs with Russia and Ukraine. Elkind received a Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree from the University of Maryland. He also has degrees in Soviet history from Columbia University and the University of Michigan.