Ilaria Espa is Senior Assistant Professor of International Economic Law at USI, Senior Research Fellow at the World Trade Institute (WTI) in Bern and Adjunct Professor at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart in Milan. She is furthermore Lead Counsel of the 'Natural Resources' Programme of the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL), member of the IUCN World Commission on Environmental Law, Secretary-General of the Swiss Energy Law Association and member of the Executive Council of the Society of International Economic Law (SIEL). She has published extensively on issues at the intersection of trade and sustainability, mainly in the areas of climate change, energy and natural resources, in leading international peer-reviewed journals and in a monograph (Export Restrictions on Critical Minerals and Metals: Testing the Adequacy of WTO Disciplines) and a co-edited volume (International Trade in Sustainable Electricity: Regulatory Challenges in International Economic Law) with Cambridge University Press. She has acted as consultant to a number of governmental agencies, NGOs, international organizations and business associations including the WTO, the OECD, the European Commission, the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs and the Swiss Federal Office of Energy. She is a frequent presenter at academic conferences and guest lecturer, and has also given numerous talks for non-academic audiences.