2009 Gas Conflict and its Consequences for the European Energy Security
Article from: OGEL 2 (2009), in EU - Russia relations
In December 2008 - January 2009, Europe experienced an "unprecedented energy crisis" that resulted in a 20% cut of the EU's gas supply for two weeks in the middle of the winter. Deliveries to Europe had never been halted by Russia since the gas transit system was built in the Soviet times in 1970s. Relationships between the EU and Ukraine, the EU and Russia and Ukraine and Russia, taken separately, are far from being easy. Their interconnection and interdependence complicate the whole issue and impact the general European affairs. The second gas crisis between Russia and Ukraine in ...