The grounds for granting Petitioners' Writ of Certiorari are both compelling and straightforward. First, United States' courts that preside over the Treaty on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards ("New York Convention") have both a judicial and constitutional duty to recognize and comply with the express terms of an international treaty that the U.S. is a signatory member of. Second, the legal framework of our judicial branch mandates that U.S. circuit and district courts apply the doctrine of stare decisis and do not ignore and effectively create conflict with U.S. Supreme Court precedent or resurrect new circuit conflict of resolved legal issues. Third, it is of paramount importance that our Article III courts maintain judicial impartiality and public confidence following a 28 U.S.C. § 455 denial of a motion for judicial disqualification. No court may be deemed honorable if it dishonorably fails to recognize its own prejudices and deprives a party due process under the law. The Ninth Circuit has failed to abide by these judicial tenets and for these reasons, Petitioners have respectfully called upon this Court to exercise its "supervisory power" to grant certiorari under U.S. Supreme Court Rule 10(a) and 10(d).